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Kale - the town inside Pirot town

Kale fortress Kale fortress

Inside the town centre of contemporary Pirot, lies Kale Fortress, known amongst many people as Momčilo’s-Town. According to the tradition, the town was built by the famous Rhodope aristocrat Momčilo, but most probably, the fortress was built by Prince Lazar in XV century, on the site of an older Roman fort, as a strategic point in defending the town from the Turkish invasion. This region was on the main trade and military route through which the Istanbul road passed.

The town of Pirot represents a smaller-sized military fort strengthened by the towers and consist of two compounds. The UpperTown was raised on a high rock behind the Bistrica River just slightly far away from its confluence with the Nišava River. On the very top of the rock, a tall donjon tower with a view towers.

Today, the fortress is open for visitors; however, the town of Pirot is making a big effort to reinvent itself with a programme of fundamental reconstruction. By opening new spaces for museums and exhibitions and by building the replicas of old Pirot houses, the fortress is becoming the cultural centre of the town.

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