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Archeological site - Sirmium

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Sirmium Sirmium

Sremska Mitrovica, a town standing on the site of Sirmium, the capital of the Roman Empire at one time, lies south of the Fruska Gora, on the bank of the Sava, the biggest tributary to the Danube in Serbia. Large scale excavations have been undertaken here in order to unearth the remains of its former splendor.

On the southern slopes of Fruska Gora Mt., on the left bank of the river Danube, Sremska Mitrovica was built on the ruins of the ancient Sirmium, one of the four capitals of the Roman Empire. It is assumed that it was founded by the Illyrians in the middle of the third century BC.

The city was from 1-4 century AD a significant administrative center of the Roman province of Pannonia Secunda (late 3rd century), temporary imperial residence and a powerful military base to defend against the barbarian tribes. In the second half of the first century, Sirmium was elevated to the highest rank of the city - a colony, and its extensive territory included many settlements in Srem. At the end of fourth century in the field of Sirmium penetrated barbarians Goths, Huns, Gepids, Avars and after the attack the population was displaced, and the city was destroyed in the fire.

Archaeological studies reveal a large part of the old village. Until the present time, 74 localities were explored. The ancient city was large, surrounded by walls and trenches which were located within the Imperial Palace, a public bath, a racecourse, a necropolis, Horeum, commercial and industrial center, whose remains are visible today. The mosaics, especially the frescoes and sculptures discovered in the area of today 's have high artistic quality and shows that doing a first class in Sirmium decorators and artists.


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Sirmium, archeological site

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