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Kosovo and Metohija

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National Public Library in Prishtina city National Public Library in Prishtina city

Province of Kosovo and Metohija, currently under UN/EU administration, with its population of nearly 2 million people and covering an area of 10900 km2, still is waiting to be discovered by the tourists. Multiethnic society, rich historical heritage and wonderful natural sites are guarantee for brand new attraction on the tourism map of Europe.

 

  Today events are prevents us to travel there within mass tourism but we will try to at least on this way to show the pride of the south Serbian province.

History

 

In the ancient times area of Kosovo and Metohija was known as Dardania Illirica, Roman Province, with its capital Ulpiana, nearby Pristina. First Roman conquest happened around 50 AD with establishment of great network of settlements of which some of them where on the level of Municipium (as Municipium Dardaneli, close to village of Socanica). For ancient Romans this was an important region due to its wealth in natural resources. With Fall of Rome in 476 AD those settlements were abandoned but two centuries after Byzantine Empire restored the rule over this vast area and re-established human settlements.
During 6th and 7th century AD Slavs tribes from the north settled on the Balkans Peninsula, but also in the area known today as Kosovo. In the very beginning Byzantines managed to convert Slavs into Christians and by that act to put them under their control.
In the medieval age region of the Province became well-known as place where very first Serbian state was created and where the Kingdom of Serbia raise to its power. Still in the beliefs of many Serbs this region is considered as “the cradle of Serbia”. Two-century reign of medieval Serbian Kings and Emperors has been marked in history as “Golden Age of Serbia”. Within this period some of remarkable monuments of the Orthodox Christianity have been built in Kosovo and Metohija, many of them later came under protection of UNESCO.

The Battle of Kosovo, held on June 28 1389, at the field of Gazimestan, where Serbian and Ottoman armies fought, seemed to be turnover in the history of all Serbs, but of Europe, too. Although the battle was declared as a draw, with both armies loosing their commanders, it opened the way to the Ottomans’ invasion and their further conquest in Europe. 80 years after the battle of Kosovo, medieval Serbia came under Ottomans’ rule and remained so almost five centuries.

Serbia restored its independence following will of major European powers on the Congress of Berlin held in 1878, but medieval Serbian territories had to wait until 1912 when they where liberated by the United Balkans’ Army.

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