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East Serbia (Viminacium, Felix Romuliana, Golubac fortress, Iron Gate, Old mountain, Lepenski Vir, wines...)

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The story about this part of Serbia begins long time ago with Lepenski vir, place where prehistoric people built their homes. The archaeological sites of Eastern Serbia, such as this one, are the most important sites in our country: Lepenski Vir, Tabula Traiana and Trajan's Bridge, Diana, Felix Romuliana, Viminacium, Soko Grad, Fetislam.

During the Roman Empire Viminacium was the capital of the province of Upper Moesiafrom2nd until 4thcentury, and Felix Romuliana (UNESCO) was the residence of Roman emperor Galerius. Along the Danube, was passing Trajan’s road (from Belgrade through the Iron Gate), and this Roman emperor had built stone bridge over the Danube, which remains as well as Tabula Traiana are located near Kladovo.

On the territory of modern Serbia was born or lived 17 Roman Emperors! Among them was the famous Emperor Constantine who proclaimed Edict of Milan with which was stopped the persecution of Christians and established Christianity as the official religion of the Roman Empire exactly 1700 years ago (313 BC).

The Romans started growing grapes, but yet in the eighteenth century in the hills above the river Timok began building of unique wine villages – so that this divine drink could be closer to the Gods. Pimnice, special villages for wine storing, architecturally are very interesting. It is built in stone, and some of them are very well preserved, such as Rajačke pimnice.

The Romans have discovered wealth of mineral waters in this area and began the construction of basins, wells and spas for their legions. Mineral springs and herbs, along with the nature that surrounds them have enabled the treatments for different illnesses and thus were incurred Soko Banja (along with Vrnjacka spa, the largest spa in Serbia), and a smaller spa Ždrelo.

From the medieval period on the Danube remained: the fortress Ram, Smederevo fortress (in the fifteenth century was the capital of Serbia), Golubac fortress (at the entrance to the Iron Gate) and Fetislam.

On the Danube are also and hydroelectric power plant Djerdap and in the hinterland of NP Iron Gate organizes jeep tours to the peaks high above the Danube and other natural attractions. Nevertheless, the special attractions of this area are the villages in which are preserved some of the pagan customs. Vlachs cuisine and music are breathtaking and sounds of this kind of music in the cave Ceremošnja are unique experience. This part of Serbia boasts more than100 caves so there it is interesting for organizing speleo tours. Yet most of the attention attracts gold washing in the river Pek and visits to gold mine Majdanpek are more often (just as a photo stop above mine) so as the visits to copper mine in Bor (possible descent into the mine400 meters below the surface-only for groups).

In the mountains there are not many villages, nature has been preserved and is ideal for walking tours. Ski centers exist at  Old Mountain and near Bor Lake. Apart from Bor Lake, one of the largest and most famous lakes in Serbia is Silver Lake, which is separated from the Danube with only a thin embankment (suitable for cyclists). Cruising is possible from Silver Lake, along the Danube to Viminacium or surrounding, while from Donji Milanovac can be organized boat visits to Lepenski Vir and Tabula Traiana. From Kladovo organizes cruises for larger, organized groups.

You have not been inthispart of Serbia,ifyou did not: take a ridewith Roman chariot in Viminacium, cruising through Iron Gate, enjoy themost beautiful sunset in the Iron Gate, try “belmuž”, drink wines in pimnice and take some Homoljehoneyas acure(the cleanest and healthiesthoneyin Europe). If yourdestinyforetoldon the way, ifyou drovea jeepto the tops ofthe Iron Gate, passed Vratna’s gates, descent into theBormine,washedgold on river Pek,visited thecemeteryin Žagubica, maybeyou cansay: Yes, I were there andexperiencedEastern Serbia!

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Tagged as:

Eastern Serbia, Viminacium, Iron Gate, Golubac fortress, Silver lake, National park Djerdap, Soko banja, Lepenski vir, Djerdap Gorge

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